From Wikidweb

Table of contents

Textile School - free information portal for Textiles

Description: Textile School is a rich repository of resources pertaining to textile industry encompasses tutorials, directory listing, blogs, expert discussion forums and TexPedia. Simple to follow tutorials for beginners and intricate technical articles for experts.

Since the information regarding textiles are either scattered or provided by commercial sites which of course are biased for their products, this e-learning site is an attempt to pool up related information under one roof.

The site intends to help all the people right from the novice information hunters to experienced professionals. The information in this site are simple, descriptive and elaborate and has been laid out in very readable and understandable layout for all visitor.

The site is backed by technicians and professionals actively employed in various sectors of the textile industry. The data being collected, screened, purified and published after the strict analysis of our mentors.

As an on-ongoing process we will be constantly upgrading the look and contents of the sites and also we will be inviting professionals to share their experiences and enlighten others.

School for all those related to Textiles

The tutorials in Textile School (http://www.textileschool.com) provides a single source of information for busy textile technicians, executives, coordinators, students or managers alike. This handy reference guide breaks down the components and constituents of textile manufacturing process and dedicates basic information and explanation with basic guidelines about important aspect or process in textile manufacturing. It is presented in a format that is easy to read and understand with clear descriptions giving you access to the minute details and references about fibers, various processes and stages of spinning, weaving, knitting, finishing, embroiderering on fabrics and garments, garment decoration, merchandising, apparel making, post processes of apparels, fashion world and various segments of textiles other than clothing such as medical textiles, technical textiles, home furnishing, automobile upholstery, toys etc. and help you to achieve excellence.


cotton-ball.png Fiber is a hair-like strand of material. It is flexible and can be spun or twisted for weaving, braiding, knotting, crocheting, etc. to make desired products. Fibres can be obtained in natural form from plants and animals as well as in synthetic form. Man-made or synthetic fibres are either made up of chemicals or by processing natural fibres to create new fibre structures/properties.(read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Fiber.aspx)

Natural Fibres - fibres from the nature All fibres which come from natural sources (animals, plants, etc.) and do not require fibre formation or reformation are classed as natural fibres. The natural fibres are vegetable, animal, or mineral in origin. Some of the natural fibres like vegetable fibres are obtained from the various parts of the plants. They are provided by nature in ready-made form. It include the protein fibres such as wool and silk, the cellulose fibres such as cotton and linen, and the mineral fibre asbestos. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Fiber/NaturalFibers.aspx)

Manmade /Artificial fibres Man-made fibres are fibres in which either the basic chemical units have been formed by chemical synthesis followed by fibre formation or the polymers from natural sources have been dissolved and regenerated after passage through a spinneret to form fibres. These fibre came to success when the researchers obtained a product by condensation of molecules presenting two reactive aminic groups with molecules characterised by two carboxylic reactive groups. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Fiber/ManmadeFibers.aspx)


variety-of-yarn.jpg Yarn Formation/Spinning The Fibre formation process includes change in shape, structure and properties of the thermoplastic polymer. The polymer pellets or granules are fed into an extruder where, through heating, their melting temperature is exceeded. The polymeric melt is then transported, under pressure, to the spinneret..Yarn formation methods were originally developed for spinning of natural fibres including cotton, linen, wool and silk. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Spinning/YarnFormation.aspx)

Yarn Spinning Yarn spinning is the process of manufacturing yarn from different types of fibres into a continuous length from one or more type of fibers. Spinning is the most important and the initial step in fabric manufacturing. The major goals of spinning is to produce the quality yarn from raw material, then remove the process faults followed by winding the short length bobbins on Cones. There are different types of spinning, the most commonly forms of spinning are: Ring, Rotor, Air Jet, Friction etc. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Spinning.aspx)

Ring Spinning The Ring Spinning is the most widely used form of spinning machine due to significant advantages in comparison with the new spinning processes. The ring spinning machine is used in the textile industry to simultaneously twist staple fibres into yarn and then wind it onto bobbins for storage. The yarn loop rotating rapidly about a fixed axis generates a surface referred to as "balloon". Ring frame settings are chosen to reduce yarn hairiness and the risk of glazing or melting the fibre. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Spinning/RingSpinning.aspx)

Open-End Spinning The first functioning of rotor spinning ,machine was presented at the ITMA in 1967.Yarn spinning according to the rotor spinning principle predominates for all non conventional spinning methods.It omits the step of forming a roving.After drafting, the sliver is fed into a rotary beater.This device ensures that the fibers are beaten into a thin supply which enters a duct and gets deposited on the sides of the disc(rotor).The transportation of the fibers is achieved through air currents. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Spinning/RotorSpinning.aspx)

Air Jet Spinning Air jet spinning has offered yarn manufacturers the opportunity to produce yarn at relatively high production rate. Unlike other spinning methods in which productivity is limited by the amount of twist in the yarn, Air Jet yarns can be produced at the same production rate regardless of yarn counts. Murata Vortex Spinners are one such leading Air Jet spinning machines which excel at producing finer yarns (Ne 40/1-60/1), because of the improved strength imparted to the smaller fibre bundle. (read more...) (http://www.textileschool.com/School/Spinning/AirjetSpinning.aspx)